Hamstring Muscle Injuries

Hamstring muscle injuries occur when one of the three muscles that travel along the back of the thigh are strained or pulled. The hamstring muscles help to bend and extend the knee. Because these muscles experience a lot of use, they are more susceptible to stretching and tearing. Hamstring muscle injuries often occur frequently in athletes and dancers.


Injuries to the hamstring muscles can happen when one of the muscles is stretched beyond its limit during physical activity. Some of the risk factors for hamstring muscle injuries are sports activity, prior hamstring injury, limited flexibility, and muscle imbalance.


Hamstring muscle injuries can range from mild to severe. Mild strains are often referred to as pulled muscles. Moderate strains involve partial tearing. Severe strains are a complete tear of the muscle or tendon, often away from the bone. In some severe cases, the bone may also break. Sharp pain, tenderness, bruising, weakness, and a popping sensation are all common symptoms of hamstring muscle injuries.


Physicians will conduct a physical exam to check for swelling and tenderness. The leg may also be moved in different positions to properly diagnose a hamstring muscle injury. Imaging tests, such as x-rays, can be used to identify fractures and other injuries.


Mild hamstring muscle injuries can usually be treated with rest, compression, and anti-inflammatory medications. Physical therapy is also recommended to improve flexibility and strengthen the hamstring muscles. In severe injuries where the muscle has torn completely or there are broken bones, surgery may be required.

How Can We Help You?

At Insight, we strive to be available for our patients and make healthcare as simple and seamless as we can. If you have questions, need additional information, or would like to schedule an appointment, please do not hesitate to contact us. We’re here to help!