Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgery used to treat vertebral compression fractures and restore the spine’s natural shape. These fractures usually occur in bones weakened by osteoporosis or tumors. The kyphoplasty treats these fractures by making space in the bone that was lost when the bone collapses, filling the space with a cement-like mixture.
Before the procedure, patients receive an anesthetic. A physician will then guide a needle into the fractured vertebra through the back. An x-ray device called a fluoroscope will be used to ensure the needle is reaching the correct location.
Once the needle is inserted, a balloon device is placed through the needle into the vertebral body. After carefully inflating the balloon to expand the fractured bone, the balloon is deflated and removed from the vertebral body. In some cases, multiple needles and balloons may be used. A needle then injects a cement-like substance into the cavity, which will harden and stabilize the fracture.
After the procedure is complete and the needle is removed from the body, the location will be bandaged. Patients may experience soreness for a few days but are encouraged to begin walking immediately. Most patients will be able to go home the same day or the next morning.