Proximal Humerus Fracture
Proximal humerus fractures are usually the result of a fall or direct impact. Weakened bones from aging or conditions such as osteoporosis can also cause bones to break more easily.
The most common symptoms of a proximal humerus fracture are severe pain, bruising, swelling, and inability to move the arm. In some cases, deformity may also be noticeable.
In order to diagnose a proximal humerus fracture, physicians will ask about symptoms and conduct a physical exam. X-rays will also be used to identify the extent of the injury.
Treatment depends on the level of severity. In the 80 percent of proximal humerus fractures that are non-displaced, a sling and physical therapy are often effective. However, if the bone is out of position (displaced), surgery may be required to realign and anchor the bones or replace the joint.