Osteoarthritis of the Hip
Although there is no specific cause of osteoarthritis, there are a number of factors that can lead to its development in the hip. This includes age, family history, hip injuries, obesity, and conditions such as hip dysplasia.
Osteoarthritis of the hip generally leads to pain that progresses over time. Stiffness is common, especially in the morning or after sitting for long periods. Symptoms may become more intense with activity and can radiate to other parts of the body, such as the thigh or knee. Range of motion may also be impacted, with a locking or sticking sensation interfering with movement.
Physicians will ask about symptoms and assess medical history before diagnosing osteoarthritis of the hip. A physical examination will take place to look for tenderness at the hip, movement, and grating in the joint. Imaging tests such as x-rays may be used to view the structure of the hip and progression of the disease.
There is no cure for osteoarthritis of the hip, but medications, injections, physical therapy, assistive devices (e.g. canes), and rest are all effective treatment options. In severe cases where arthritis is causing disability, surgery may be required.