Jones fractures are caused by a sudden impact to the foot, usually when the foot twists with a lifted heel. Other factors that can lead to Jones fractures include repetitive use, sports injuries, and falls.
Pain, swelling, and tenderness are all common symptoms of Jones fractures. It can also be difficult to walk after a fracture occurs, and a bump or deformity may be noticeable.
Physicians will evaluate symptoms and the toe’s appearance in order to diagnose a Jones fracture. Imaging tests such as x-rays or MRIs may also be required to show the extent of the injury.
There are a number of treatment options depending on the extent of damage to the bone. Most Jones fractures can be treated with a cast to keep the bones in place while the foot heals. In severe injuries or if the foot is not healing correctly, surgery may be required to realign the bones.