Finger dislocations happen when force is applied to the end of a finger or if the finger is forcefully overextended. Sports accidents or falling onto an outstretched hand are the most common causes of finger dislocations.
Finger dislocation is very painful and is usually obvious because the finger will appear crooked or bent upward and swollen. Most fingers that are dislocated cannot be bent or straightened. Sometimes finger dislocation can be mistaken for a broken bone.
Seek treatment immediately if you think you have a dislocated finger. Delay in treatment can lead to a longer healing process and even permanent disability. The physician will examine the injured finger and use x-rays to confirm dislocation and rule out broken bones.
In most cases, finger dislocation can be treated without surgery. Once the bone is moved back into position, the finger will be supported with a splint. Local anesthetics and medications are often used to reduce pain. If tissue damage occurrs, surgery may be required to prevent long-term problems.