Corns And Calluses
Although they are similar, there are a number of differences between corns and calluses. Corns are caused by pressure from bone pressing against the skin. They tend to be small, round, and located on the top and side of the toe. Calluses are larger, thick patches of skin that are irregular in shape. They are located at the bottom of the foot in weight-bearing areas.
Areas of skin hardened by repeated friction are the most common symptoms of corns and calluses. Small raised bumps are typically corns, and larger flattened patches of thick skin are typically calluses. Corns are more likely to be painful.
Corns and calluses are usually easy to diagnose with a simple examination of the skin. Physicians will ask about symptoms and physical activity to determine what is causing corns or calluses.
Corns and calluses are typically treated by soaking the skin in warm water and removing the buildup of skin with a pumice stone. Moisturizing creams are also effective in softening the skin. Choosing properly sized shoes and shoe inserts may also reduce pressure causing corns or calluses.