Cavus foot is usually an inherited abnormality present at birth. However, cavus foot deformities can develop later in life due to a number of factors, including stroke, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, and spinal cord injuries.
An unusually high arch present when standing is the primary symptom of a cavus foot deformity. Because the ball and heel of the foot withstand the weight of the body, foot pain, corns, calluses, and an inward-tilting heel are all common.
A physician will conduct a physical exam to diagnose cavus foot deformities. Other tests, including x-rays, MRIs, and nerve conduction studies, may also be used to properly diagnose the condition.
If a cavus foot deformity is present at birth, orthotic devices and braces may be used to support the foot. Anti-inflammatory medications and icing are also effective in managing pain. If a cavus foot deformity is the result of other factors such as nerve and muscle disorders, the underlying cause will need to be treated and surgery may be required.